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Cable Splitters vs. Taps

Sep 02, 2019

Cable Splitters vs. Taps

Splitters: Signal is splitted evenly - Good for equal length cable runs. Usually ideal for areas where cellular amplifier is installed in a central location with interior antennas installed roughly equal distances from the main cell phone booster unit. See the first sample left side scenario photo above, showing an instance where signal splitter can be used.

Taps: Signal is splitted unevenly (attentuated based on attenuation capacity of the Tap). Taps are good for unequal length cable runs to interior antennas so all internal antennas can provide roughly the same signal broadcast. See the second sampleset-up on image's right side showing where signal tap canapplyA tap would attenuate or reduce signal going through a shorter cable run and send more signal to the longer cable run to overcome cable loss. A tap or directional coupler sends a fixed amount of signal such as 6dB, 10db, 15dB or 20dB to the direction of the shorter cable run(s) and channels the rest of available signal in the direction of the longer cable run(s). In this manner, it provides equal broadcasting capability for all interior antennas.

The video below talks about the difference between coax cable splitters and taps, and when to use them.

Coax cable signal splitters versus taps.

Above video clarifies the differences between coaxial cable splitters vs. taps as well as and when to use which one. Here's what was talked about on this topic:

What are splitters and taps?

Splitters and taps come in many variations, and they even look the same. But what is the difference? The main difference is that a splitter distributes the incoming signal out to each output port and it does so evenly, while a tap will apply different amount of loss to each output port individually, so that when one cable is shorter than another, the output will still be the same.

Splitters:

Let us look at Splitters first. Splitters are designed to be used in Signal Distribution Systems to split the amplified signal with minimum signal loss. Equal amounts of signal are sent to multiple antennas for areas of similar size. When using a splitter, you want the various cable lengths coming out of the splitter to be more or less the same. You don't want one run to be much shorter than the others or one to be extremely long.

How does signal work traveling through a cable?

Let us quickly illustrate how signal works when traveling through a cable. As signal passes through the cable, it loses strength the longer it travels. When it comes to a splitter or tap, it will split off and travel out to each new run of cable. Splitters and taps inevitably introduce loss, which slightly weakens the signal. If all the cable runs are the same length, an even amount of signal will be sent to all of the antennas, and they will all cover the same amount of area. If one length is shorter, however, it will still get the same amount of signal as the others but has less cable loss. That means it will send out a stronger signal and cover more area, but it robs power from other antennas, weakening their output or coverage area.

Taps:

This is where a tap comes into play. A tap will apply a designated amount of signal loss to the shorter, stronger output port and let the signal pass through the other port with very little loss. So you can run a short leg off of one port and still have plenty of signal to send on to the other ports for longer runs.

Best place to use them.

Splitters are best used in large, centralized areas, where they evenly distribute the signal to numerous other antennas for consistent coverage areas. Taps are best used in situations like long hallways. You can run the signal into a tap that splits into a nearby office, and the rest of the signal continues down the hallway. You can daisy chain taps to repeat this process down the hall as long as you have adequate signal.


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  • PS. To question regarding TAP splitter from antenna, just posted. .
    I currently have the splitter AT the antenna. The new TAP could be located there, or further down the line so that one cable feed to the tuner would then be about 20 feet, the longer one from that split would then be about 60 feet.
    Is THAT an advantage? Thank you again.

    Iain Lowrie on
  • Q. I have an external antenna running to two FM tuners. One tuner has 100 ft of coax cable run, the other 50 ft.
    What DB Tap should i get to get best signal to each tuner. The 100’ run is fine by itself. When i used a splitter (sorry, my bad) neither got adequate signal. I see them from 6 to 20db.

    And to be sure, on the out feed terminals on the tap, the LONGER cable connects to TAP, the shorter to OUT, correct?
    Thank you so much for your time.

    Iain Lowrie on
  • Pete, that’s an interesting question about whether we’ll ever have wireless cable signals. Not sure when exactly, but that may become a reality in a decade or two with anticipated advent of 6G networks. Those will be similar to 5G connectivity we’re starting to see, except that 6G connectivity would probably be even more micro level managed with antennas inside houses replacing all types of cables.

    Carrie J. on
  • This article has me wondering whether we’ll ever see a day when cable signals are wireless and we don’t have wired cable systems? Does anyone have any information on this?

    Pete Sanchez on
  • This article has me wondering whether we’ll ever see a day when cable signals are wireless and we don’t have wired cable systems? Any idea on this?

    Pete S. on
  • The difference between splitters and taps probably has parallels in plumbing too. It’s incredible how basic structural designs can be adapted (and how they can evolve) as technology advances. I wonder what the next use will be for splitters and taps? Maybe mapping out positronic brains for androids. Just incredible.

    Dean Hearst on
  • Another trip to the learning tree. I think anyone whose worked on a TV and cable box or TV and gaming system have seen splitters. I’m no electronics genius but even I know how to use them and what they do. Taps however, are a different thing. Never saw one or heard of one until today. I have to say the video really explained things well. I’m more of a visual learner so I appreciate the video here and the videos elsewhere on your site. They drive the knowledge into the ol’ melon for me.

    Kerry Ambrose on

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